The father of one of my clients is considering a move to Nashville in order to be closer to his daughter and grandchildren. He called me regarding the state tax consequences of moving to Tennessee.
The good news is that his income taxes will decrease slightly because Tennessee will not tax his IRA distributions. He will pay the Hall income tax on his dividends and interest, but he is already paying taxes on that income in the state where he currently lives.
The bad news is that Tennessee inheritance tax will apply to his estate when he dies. He currently lives in one of the many states that does not have a state inheritance tax. Based on his estate of $3.5 million, his Tennessee inheritance tax bill will be approximately $225,000.
Inheritance taxes would be much higher if his estate has to pay inheritance tax on the $6 million marital trust that his wife established upon her death. The marital trust will be taxable for federal estate tax purposes. However, Tennessee does not tax marital trusts that were established by residents of other states. Since the Tennessee inheritance tax rate is 9.5%, not having to pay Tennessee tax on the marital trust will reduce his estate’s Tennessee inheritance tax bill by $570,000. He told me that this tax reduction is good enough to allow him to move to Tennessee. If the marital trust would be subject to Tennessee inheritance tax, he probably would not move.
The planning opportunity is to have a marital trust established for your benefit prior to moving to Tennessee. If you know friends or family members such as parents who are considering a move to Tennessee, encourage them to establish and fund a marital trust prior to moving to Tennessee. For example, a husband might establish a marital trust for his wife prior to moving. The marital trust will not escape federal taxes; however, it will escape Tennessee inheritance taxes because it was established by a non-resident of Tennessee.